You're an excellent topic. Very close to my heart since I'm an anthropologist and all...
So, I will take the opportunity to change course from my usual reading blogging genres (YA, Fiction, fantasy, etc.), and open up the little anthropologizing window over here. I've read TONS of anthro literature on this topic, which basically encompasses lots of ethnographers’ research.
These are two of my favourite ethnographic books that have transported me to a different culture (apologies in advance if I bring out geeky academic jargon and inspiration to this topic)
1) The Spirit Catches You and You Fall Down: A Hmong child, her American doctors, and the collision of two cultures by Anne Fadiman
This is a very insightful story of a Hmong girl, Lia, who was born in 1981 to a family of recent American immigrants at that time, and developed symptoms of epilepsy. It focuses on how her disease is dealt by her parents and her American doctors. This narrative is very detailed describing how cultural misunderstandings clashed towards tragedy when dealing with such disease.
Particularly what impacted me the most: how different views of the world affect a culture's perception of health. Specially since Lia's illness was viewed with mixed blessings by her family, because her seizures could be a sign of possible shamanic powers. It is a very thoroughly investigative story and I learned a LOT about cross-cultural illnesses.
2) Landscapes of Devils: Tensions of Place and Memory in the Argentinian Chaco by Gastón Gordillo.
I was privileged to have Gastón as a professor when I was reading his book during my graduate degree. I was able to ask direct questions to him and he was kind enough to explain a lot about his research, teaching me a great deal of how this was done: so rich and insightful.
This research portrays indigenous perceptions of a particular region, El Chaco, in Argentina, in regards of colonization of British Anglicans in the early twentieth century.
What impacted me the most: as familiar as I am with South American aboriginal studies, the way each community constructs its geography through memory and space so very different from one another. What I love about this book is how it makes you realize a lot of subtle experiences about yourself.
Basically they way I (Lina) experience a place is completely constructed by my social context, background and historic perspective. So very different from someone else, like you, my reader, who may be experiencing the same place.
Also, something we tend to forget: geographic places are not objective entities but a result of historical forces.
The main theme, or lesson from these books is the term us, anthropologists love, Cultural Relativism: one should judge a person’s actions or beliefs from the perspective of that person’s culture.